What is the difference between Montessori and traditional methods of teaching?

In Montessori schools the child is seen as a dynamic learner, full of creative potential and in need of the maximum possible freedom to be allowed to develop as a happy, confident individual. In more traditional schools children are seen to be in need of more active instruction and control from adults – there is less trust in the child’s own inner abilities and more emphasis on ensuring defined results.

Isn’t Montessori an outdated education approach?

On the contrary. Recent psychological and neurological research show that, far from being old-fashioned and obsolete, Montessori’s ideas are now being recognised by educationalists, cognitive psychologists and neuroscientists worldwide. Her emphasis on holistic learning with the importance of structure, intrinsic motivation, sociality and emotional intelligence were all ideas ahead of their time. You can find links to recent research here. An overview of the research outcomes is provided in Angeline Stoll Lillard’s excellent book Montessori – The Science behind the Genius.

How can children learn if they are free to do whatever they want?

Maria Montessori observed that children are more motivated to learn when working on something of their own choosing. However, choices are limited by a carefully prepared environment, a limited set of learning material and the teacher, who ensures the child makes constructive choices and does not interfere with the freedom of other children.

Is Montessori only for nursery children?

No. Maria Montessori first developed her educational approach while working with a preschool population. She gradually extended her approach to children and youth of all ages. There is more in the way of a curriculum structure, but the children continue to have developmental freedom. Today, some Montessori schools provide all levels of learning, while others offer only certain levels. The benefits of Montessori continue to be important at each stage of development as children grow into lifelong learners and responsible citizens of the world.

How is discipline dealt with in a Montessori school?

Montessori schools believe that discipline is something that should come from inside rather than something that is always imposed by others. They do not rely on rewards and punishments. By being allowed to be free in the environment, and learning to love and care for other people, the child develops confidence and control over his own behaviour. So Montessori teachers only step in when a child’s behaviour is upsetting or disruptive to others.

Will my child fit in with a more traditional system after leaving a Montessori school?

Montessori children tend to be very socially comfortable. Because they have been encouraged to problem-solve and think independently, they also tend to be happy, confident and resourceful. So they normally settle into very quickly and easily into new schools.

Are Montessori classrooms too structured?

Montessori discovered that structure was really important to help children feel safe and secure. She did a lot of experimentation to find out which, and how many, materials best suited the needs of the children. What she realised was that too much information was as bad as too little, and that children needed to be able to successfully build on their previous experiences. They could be overwhelmed with too many changing toys and options. So she carefully structured what was available. Montessori teachers, therefore, always watch the children to ensure that the right materials are available to support their individual interests and needs.

My children need more structure. Are Montessori schools too free?

Children need freedom and limits. In the Montessori approach, freedom comes with the responsibility to be constructive for oneself and society. Teachers do not allow children to be free to disturb each other or to use the material in ways they were not intended.

Based on: ‘Montessori: The Science Behind the Genius’, Angeline Stoll Lillard (2005), Oxford University Press; Frequently Asked Questions, Montessori St Nicholas; ‘Reach Further: Montessori education for the over fives – learning for life and living to learn, Montessori St. Nicholas; FAQs, The International Montessori Index; FAQ, American Montessori Society

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